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Joseph Schillinger - Composer and Theorist who wrote a number of works for theremin (1895 - 1943)

Joseph Schillinger (1895 - 1943)

Composer and Theorist who wrote a number of works for theremin

"Music
plus electricity equals the sound of the 20th
century.1"


- Joseph Schillinger, 1918

Another project Leon Theremin was involved in was the mechanical realisation of the ideas of the composer Joseph Schillinger.

Schillinger (1891 - 1943) left Russia in 1928, and settled in New York, where he taught music, mathematics, art history, and his own rhythmic theories at the New School for Social Research (NY University), and Columbia University Teacher's College.

In the 1920s and 30s, Schillinger devised a system of composition that reduced the elements of rhythm, melody, and harmony to 'geometric phase relationships', and in his theoretical writings he catalogued each conceivable permutation.

Eventually, he expanded this idea to orchestration, emotion in music, theatre,design, and the moving image.

It was Schillinger's experiments with complex rhythms that led him to Leon Theremin. These were realised on an instrument termed the 'Rhythmicon', which was constructed by Theremin to Henry Cowell's specifications.

This system of Schillinger's was taught to his private pupils, who included Tommy Dorsey, Vernon Duke, George Gershwin, Benny Goodman, Oscar Levant, Eubie Blake, John Lewis, Gerry Mulligan, and Glenn Miller.

Despite Schillinger's grand ambitions, it is perhaps ironic that he doesn't employ the ideas in his own music, rather only in some classroom exercises and theoretical writings. We know that he collaborated with Mary Ellen Bute on an unfinished animation project.

His works for the theremin are detailed below.

Works for Theremin
A Method for Theremin (lost)
Airphonic Suite Number One
, opus 21, for theremin and orchestra 1929
Melody, 1929 for theremin and piano
Mouvement Électrique et Pathétique, 1932, for theremin and piano
Bury, Bury Me, Wind
, opus 23, for violin, theremin, and piano 1930

A copy of the First Airphonic Suite by Schillinger is available in the Fleischer Music Collection at the Free Library of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

1 From Dr. Mel Gordon's chapter "Songs From the Museum of the Future Russian Sound Creation (1910-1930)", published in Wireless Imagination:  Sound, Radio, and the Avant-Garde. Perhaps sourced from a 1920s German article on Soviet experimental music, the origin remains unclear.


Joseph Schillinger Forum

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PostSubmitterDate
CORRECTION RE SCHILLINGER'S COMPOSITIONS jmb41 October 29, 2010
Correction concerning a student of Schillinger's jms1895 January 18, 2010

2 Posts in this forum.



Items & Reviews for Joseph Schillinger


Original Works for Theremin (Download)

Mouvement Électrique Et Pathétique

Melody

Music from the Ether: Original Works for Theremin



Kinetic Art

Find out more about Leon Theremin and Kinetic Art



Rhythmicon

Find out more about the Rhythmicon





The USA

The USA Find out more about the Theremin in The USA


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